Post by aircraftclocks on Jun 26, 2021 14:32:15 GMT 12
Looking at the war diaries there are codes used that have a meaning you can guess at, but the actual definition is not clear, for example to "pancake". I have found a listing of codes used by at least one USN squadron which I assume is universal.
Post by aircraftclocks on Jun 26, 2021 14:38:31 GMT 12
R/T MEANING W/T *ABOVE Aircraft above you AB AMMO MINUS Have less than half ammunition left AM-MN AMMO PLUS Have more than half ammunition left AM-PS AMMO ZERO Have no ammunition left AM-O ANCHORED Am orbiting a visible orbit point AK ANGELS Height in thousands of feet AG *AWAY Aircraft is flying away from directing ship AW BANDIT Identified enemy aircraft (Number may be indicated) BT BASE Home airfield (Note: With ship based aircraft this means "Carrier".) AS BEAM Beam approach BM *BELOW Aircraft below you BE *BLANKET Amount of clouds. (With a number, amount in tenths) BK *BOGEY Unidentified aircraft (Note: Implies "investigate with caution - may be friendly".) BG *BOMBERS High level bombers BS *BURST Am about to fire H. A. Shells to burst at estimated height of and in direction of enemy UR BUSTER Fly at normal full speed (Note: Indicated Air Speeds will normally be used by shore controllers BU *CENTER Center of Unit or indicated part of Unit. (See CLOCK CODE) CT CHICKENS Own fighters CN *CLARA Radar screen is clear CA *CLOSE Keep near directing ship CL DROP IT Do nor attack, or cease attack DI *FISHES Torpedo aircraft FS *FREDDIE Fighter Directing Ship FD *FREDDIE INDICATING An identifying myself as Fighter Director Ship by making puffs of smoke and/or some other prearranged signal FD FD FD *FRIENDLY Aircraft is/are friendly FY FUEL Quantity of fuel remaining (Number of gallons e.g. "Fuel forty-two"). FL GATE Fly at maximum possible speed (Note: Not to be maintained for more than five minutes). GA GIVE YOUR DR POSITION Report weather, giving V - Visibility in miles A - Amount of cloud, in tenths T - Height of cloud top, in thousands of ft. B - Height of cloud base, in thousands of ft. (NOTE: Reply is a series of four numbers. An unknown item is answered by "zero". The sequence of items may be varied locally.) DR GRAND SLAM Enemy aircraft shot down. (Followed by a number, indicated number shot down). GR *HAWKS Dive bombers HS HEADS UP Enemy got through (part or all) HU HEY RUBE Need help, come to my assistance. (Normally used only by Fighter Director) RC *LEFT (Port) After course to left (Port)(aircraft normally alters course 30°) LF *LIGHTS Make your recognition signal LT LINER Fly at economical cruising speed. (Note: Indicated Air Speeds will normally be used by shore controllers) LI *MATTRESS Below cloud. (With a number, height of cloud base in thousands of feet) MT ....O'CLOCK Aircraft in clock code sector indicated. (See CLOCK CODE) Q ORANGES SWEET Weather is good OR-SW ORANGES SOUR Weather is bad OR-SO ORBIT Circle and search OR ORBIT LEFT (Port) Circle and search to left (Port) OP ORBIT RIGHT (Starboard) Circle and search to right (Starboard) OB PANCAKE Land, refuel and rearm PK PANCAKE AMMO Returning short of ammunition. Wish to land PK-AM PANCAKE FULL Running short of fuel. Wish to land PK-FL PANCAKE HURT Returning wounded or damaged. Wish to land PK-HU *PIGEONS The bearing (Magnetic) and distance of your base from you is.....degrees.....miles..... PG *PILLOW Visibility. (With a number, visibility in miles PI POPEYE In cloud PY *QUIET Above cloud. (With a number, height of cloud in thousands of feet) QL RATS Identified enemy fighters RS *REAR Rear of Unit or indicated part of Unit. (See CLOCK CODE) RE REQUEST HOMING Request course to steer for "home" RH *RESUME Resume patrol RM RIGHT (Starboard) Alter course to right (Starboard.)(aircraft normally alters course 30°) RT *SALVOES An about to open fire (magnetic bearing may be indicated). Keep clear SV SAUNTER Fly at lowest speed possible without losing height SA SCRAMBLE Take off. (May be followed by course and altitude instructions) SC SEE YOU Fleet in sight CU *SHAD Shadower SD *SNOOPER Low Shadower (Below 2000 feet) SP STEER Set course...(magnetic course indicated)... for "home" SR TALLYHO Aircraft sighted and recognized as hostile. (Note: In reporting this, number, type and height of enemy aircraft sighted should be given) TL TOUCH In touch on homing beacon TH *TOWARDS Aircraft is flying towards directing ship TO *VAN Front of Unit or indicated part of Unit. (See CLOCK CODE) VN VECTOR Alter course to...magnetic course indicated (Note: Must be used with three figure group e.g. "Vector zero six zero" NOT "Vector six zero" nor "Vector sixty." For homing course "STEER" is used (q.v.) VC VECTOR LEFT (PORT) Alter course to...magnetic course indicated turning to LEFT (Port) VC-PO VECTOR RIGHT (STARBOARD) Alter course to...magnetic course indicated turning to LIGHT (Starboard) VC-ST WHAT STATE Report fuel and ammunition remaining WT
*NOTE: Expressions marked "*" are used by ships with shore-based fighters under shore control.
Some of these codes had their origins with the RAF, in 1939/40, specific to Fighter Command, such "Angels", "Bandits", "Bogies", "Pancake", and "Scramble". Pancake simply meant to land (usually at normal base). Just shorthand for use on R/T (voice) communications. "Tally-Ho" may also have had RAF origins. David D